Sunday, November 1, 2015

Bachelor of Veterinary science and Animal Husbandry

Veterinary course(Bachelor of Veterinary science and Animal Husbandry) is a branch of medicine where Doctors  have animals as patients. It’s an allied medical science. Second best to medicine is Veterinary Science and Dentistry. Veterinarians diagonise and treat animals. They give medical treatment and perform surgeries for disease in animals. Prevention of the spread of disease and advice on how to take care of pets and farm animals is their primary duty. The main personal qualification to be a good vet is to understand that people treat their pets like children. So, one must have a great deal of sympathy and patience when dealing with pet owners. Respecting animals is also important. Vets dealing with farm animals should not only try to cure the ailment but also be sensible to make sure productivity does not go down.

It is important to have taken  Physics, chemistry and biology in +12. Admission procedure may vary from college to college. Most veterinary colleges give admission based on performance in the entrance examination held at state, all India and institute levels.Veterinary Council of India conducts an ‘All India Common Entrance examination’ (AICEE) for admission to first year BVSc, AH degree course held in May each year. The duration of the course is five complete academic years and it includes a compulsory internship of six months.

Sunday, October 25, 2015


The admissions to various UG and PG programmes of premier Institutes of India under the DASA scheme will be coordinated by Malaviya National Institute of Technology (MNIT) Jaipur for the admissions in year 2015-16.

What does DASA mean?
Direct  Admission of Students Abroad (DASA)  is a scheme for admission of Foreign Nationals/Persons of Indian Origin (PIOs)/Non-Resident Indians (NRIs)  to Undergraduate Courses in Engineering in National Institutes of Technology (NITs), Indian Institute of Information Technology(IIITs) and other premier Technical Institutions in India.  The good news is that the residential requirement for DASA 2012-13 has been relaxed from 3 years to 2 years for NRI students but the condition required to apply is that the student must have done both the 11th and 12th grade or equivalent from abroad only for admissions. There are various engineering courses available for a student to choose from, eg. aeronautical, agricultural, architecture, biotechnology, civil, computer science and  engineering, mechanical, EEE, engineering physics, food technology, welding technology, foundry technology etc. There are more than 25 participating institutes like NITs of Tripura/ Jamshedpur/ Kurukshetra/ Patna/ Rourkela/ Silchar/ Trichy/ Warangal/ Nagaland/ Sikkim/ Goa  in addititon to VNIT Nagpur,SVNIT surat etc.
The admission process is entirely online. According to the DASA rules:
  • Candidates must have passed the qualifying examination, i.e. Senior Secondary [10+2] or equivalent from any system of education as recognised by the Association of Indian Universities with Physics and  Mathematics as compulsory subjects and any one of these (Chemistry, Bio-technology, Computer Science, Biology) as optional subjects
  •  Must have secured a minimum of 60% aggregate marks or  6.75 CGPA on a 10 point scale or equivalent grades in all the subjects of the qualifying examination. Candidates appearing for the qualifying examination with the above-mentioned compulsory subjects by 25th May 2012 and expecting their final results latest by 15th September 2012 may also apply.
  •  Candidates should have a minimum total score of 1440 in SAT subject Tests (subjects: Maths level II, Physics and Chemistry).SAT subject tests score has to be submitted online through CollegeBoard . SAT subject test score has to be sent directly through College Board to MNIT Jaipur (Institute Code: 7664). Applicants who have taken multiple attempts in SAT Subject Tests can send valid score to MNIT Jaipur directly through College Board USA. The best valid score in each subject will be considered for arriving at the total score which will be used for merit list preparation.SAT Subject Test scores received till 1 st June, 2015 only will be considered for preparation of merit lists for Round 1, Round 2 and Round 3.
The National Institutes of Technology (NITs), Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs), Schools of Planning and Architecture (SPAs), and other premier Technical Institutions in India, which are covered under DASA scheme 2015 for admission to under graduate programmes in Engineering/ Architecture/ Planning are* : National Institutes of Technology (NITs)

1 National Institute of Technology, Agartala, Tripura
2 Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
3 National Institute of Technology, Arunachal Pradesh
4 Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
5 National Institute of Technology, Calicut, Kerala
 6 National Institute of Technology, Delhi
7 National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, West Bengal
8 National Institute of Technology, Goa
9 National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh
10 Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur, Rajasthan
 11 National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, Punjab
12 National Institute of Technology, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand
13 National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra, Haryana
14 National Institute of Technology, Manipur
15 National Institute of Technology, Mizoram
16 Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur
17 National Institute of Technology, Patna , Bihar
18 National Institute of Technology, Puducherry, Karaikkal
19 National Institute of Technology, Raipur , Chhattisgarh
 20 National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, Orissa
21 National Institute of Technology, Sikkim
22 National Institute of Technology, Silchar, Assam
23 National Institute of Technology, Srinagar
24 Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat, Gujarat
25 National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Surathkal, Karnataka
26 National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, Tamilnadu
27 National Institute of Technology, Warangal, Telangana Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs)
28 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad, (Jhalwa & Amethi Campus), UP
29 ABV-Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management, Gwalior, MP 30 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Jabalpur, MP
31 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design & Manufacturing, Kancheepuram, Chennai Schools of Planning and Architecture (SPAs)
32 School of Planning and Architecture, Bhopal
33 School of Planning and Architecture, Delhi
34 School of Planning & Architecture, Vijayawada Other Premier Technical Institutions
35 PEC University of Technology, Chandigarh
36 Delhi Technological University, Delhi
37 Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology Delhi
38 Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, Longowal, Punjab
 39 National Institute of Foundry and Forge Technology, Ranchi, Jharkhand
 40 Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University, Gandhinagar
41 National Institute of Electronics and Information Technology, Aurangabad
42 Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology Delhi

*The candidates are advised to visit the website of DASA-2015 for the final list. The list provided here is tentative subject to receiving consent from the concerned institute for this year.
    Mail your queries to
    or contact DASA office on   +91-141-2713206 (O)

    Saturday, September 26, 2015


    Initially, Scholastic Aptitude Test was referred to as  SAT. In 1993, the SAT was renamed as the SAT Reasoning Test (or known as SAT I), while the former Scholastic Achievement Test was renamed as the SAT Subject Tests (or known as SAT II).
    The SAT is not recognized by a country. The universities recognise SAT. Though it is mainly held in the USA, some universities in other countries like Canada, Singapore, Malaysia also accept the SATs as a basis for judging international students.  Cambridge and Oxford also check the SAT scores if you're an international student. For more information you should check out the websites of individual universities. SAT is the first step for students of any background to get a higher education. More than two million students take this test every year. It is recognised by most schools and colleges.

    SAT is a three hour test which tests your ability in reading, writing and math. It does not test logic or abstract reasoning. They are used for college admission purposes.
    ·        - The critical reading section includes reading passages and sentence completions.
    ·        -The writing section includes a short essay and multiple-choice questions on identifying errors and improving grammar and usage.
    ·         -The math section includes questions on arithmetic operations, algebra, geometry, statistics and probability.

    Subject tests are for an hour and tests your knowledge  in specific subjects. It is an additional advantage to show your subject knowledge to colleges.

    For more information on SAT registration, test dates, preparation tips, free question papers, visit:

    Wednesday, August 26, 2015

    Engineering options 4

    Aerospace engineers design, test, and supervise the manufacture of aircraft, spacecraft, and missiles. Those who work with aircraft are called aeronautical engineers, and those working specifically with spacecraft are astronautical engineers. Aerospace engineers develop new technologies for use in aviation, defense systems, and space exploration, often specializing in areas such as structural design, guidance, navigation and control, instrumentation and communication, and production methods. They also may specialize in a particular type of aerospace product, such as commercial aircraft, military fighter jets, helicopters, spacecraft, or missiles and rockets, and may become experts in aerodynamics, thermodynamics, celestial mechanics, propulsion, acoustics, or guidance and control systems.
    Agricultural engineers apply their knowledge of engineering technology and science to agriculture and the efficient use of biological resources. Accordingly, they also are referred to as biological and agricultural engineers. They design agricultural machinery, equipment, sensors, processes, and structures, such as those used for crop storage. Some engineers specialize in areas such as power systems and machinery design, structural and environmental engineering, and food and bioprocess engineering. They develop ways to conserve soil and water and to improve the processing of agricultural products. Agricultural engineers often work in research and development, production, sales, or management.
    Biomedical engineers develop devices and procedures that solve medical and health-related problems by combining their knowledge of biology and medicine with engineering principles and practices. Many do research, along with medical scientists, to develop and evaluate systems and products such as artificial organs, prostheses (artificial devices that replace missing body parts), instrumentation, medical information systems, and health management and care delivery systems. Biomedical engineers also may design devices used in various medical procedures, imaging systems such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and devices for automating insulin injections or controlling body functions. Most engineers in this specialty need a sound background in another engineering specialty, such as mechanical or electronics engineering, in addition to specialized biomedical training. Some specialties within biomedical engineering are biomaterials, biomechanics, medical imaging, rehabilitation engineering, and orthopedic engineering.

    Engineering options 3

    Nuclear engineers research and develop the processes, instruments, and systems used to derive benefits from nuclear energy and radiation. They design, develop, monitor, and operate nuclear plants to generate power. They may work on the nuclear fuel cycle—the production, handling, and use of nuclear fuel and the safe disposal of waste produced by the generation of nuclear energy—or on the development of fusion energy. Some specialize in the development of nuclear power sources for naval vessels or spacecraft; others find industrial and medical uses for radioactive materials—for example, in equipment used to diagnose and treat medical problems.
    Petroleum engineers design methods for extracting oil and gas from deposits below the earth. Once these resources have been discovered, petroleum engineers work with geologists and other specialists to understand the geologic formation and properties of the rock containing the reservoir, to determine the drilling methods to be used, and to monitor drilling and production operations. They design equipment and processes to achieve the maximum profitable recovery of oil and gas. Because only a small proportion of oil and gas in a reservoir flows out under natural forces, petroleum engineers develop and use various enhanced recovery methods, including injecting water, chemicals, gases, or steam into an oil reservoir to force out more of the oil and doing computer-controlled drilling or fracturing to connect a larger area of a reservoir to a single well. Because even the best techniques in use today recover only a portion of the oil and gas in a reservoir, petroleum engineers research and develop technology and methods for increasing the recovery of these resources and lowering the cost of drilling and production operations.

    Engineering options 2

    Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors, prevent harm to people and property by applying their knowledge of systems engineering and mechanical, chemical, and human performance principles. Using this specialized knowledge, they identify and measure potential hazards, such as the risk of fires or the dangers involved in handling toxic chemicals. They recommend appropriate loss prevention measures according to their probability of harm and potential damage. Health and safety engineers develop procedures and designs to reduce the risk of illness, injury, or damage. Some work in manufacturing industries to ensure that the designs of new products do not create unnecessary hazards. They must be able to anticipate, recognize, and evaluate hazardous conditions, as well as develop hazard control methods.
    Industrial engineers determine the most effective ways to use the basic factors of production—people, machines, materials, information, and energy—to make a product or provide a service. They are concerned primarily with increasing productivity through the management of people, methods of business organization, and technology. To maximize efficiency, industrial engineers study product requirements carefully and then design manufacturing and information systems to meet those requirements with the help of mathematical methods and models. They develop management control systems to aid in financial planning and cost analysis, and they design production planning and control systems to coordinate activities and ensure product quality. They also design or improve systems for the physical distribution of goods and services and determine the most efficient plant locations. Industrial engineers develop wage and salary administration systems and job evaluation programs. Many industrial engineers move into management positions because the work is closely related to the work of managers.
    Marine engineers and naval architects are involved in the design, construction, and maintenance of ships, boats, and related equipment. They design and supervise the construction of everything from aircraft carriers to submarines and from sailboats to tankers. Naval architects work on the basic design of ships, including the form and stability of hulls. Marine engineers work on the propulsion, steering, and other systems of ships. Marine engineers and naval architects apply knowledge from a range of fields to the entire process by which water vehicles are designed and produced. Other workers who operate or supervise the operation of marine machinery on ships and other vessels sometimes may be called marine engineers or, more frequently, ship engineers.
    Materials engineers are involved in the development, processing, and testing of the materials used to create a range of products, from computer chips and aircraft wings to golf clubs and snow skis. They work with metals, ceramics, plastics, semiconductors, and composites to create new materials that meet certain mechanical, electrical, and chemical requirements. They also are involved in selecting materials for new applications. Materials engineers have developed the ability to create and then study materials at an atomic level, using advanced processes to replicate the characteristics of those materials and their components with computers. Most materials engineers specialize in a particular material. For example, metallurgical engineers specialize in metals such as steel, and ceramic engineers develop ceramic materials and the processes for making them into useful products such as glassware or fiber-optic communication lines.
    Mechanical engineers research, design, develop, manufacture, and test tools, engines, machines, and other mechanical devices. Mechanical engineering is one of the broadest engineering disciplines. Engineers in this discipline work on power-producing machines such as electric generators, internal combustion engines, and steam and gas turbines. They also work on power-using machines such as refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment, machine tools, material-handling systems, elevators and escalators, industrial production equipment, and robots used in manufacturing. Some mechanical engineers design tools that other engineers need for their work. In addition, mechanical engineers work in manufacturing or agriculture production, maintenance, or technical sales; many become administrators or managers.
    Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers, find, extract, and prepare coal, metals, and minerals for use by manufacturing industries and utilities. They design open-pit and underground mines, supervise the construction of mine shafts and tunnels in underground operations, and devise methods for transporting minerals to processing plants. Mining engineers are responsible for the safe, economical, and environmentally sound operation of mines. Some mining engineers work with geologists and metallurgical engineers to locate and appraise new ore deposits. Others develop new mining equipment or direct mineral-processing operations that separate minerals from the dirt, rock, and other materials with which they are mixed. Mining engineers frequently specialize in the mining of one mineral or metal, such as coal or gold. With increased emphasis on protecting the environment, many mining engineers are working to solve problems related to land reclamation and to water and air pollution. Mining safety engineers use their knowledge of mine design and practices to ensure the safety of workers and to comply with State and Federal safety regulations. They inspect the surfaces of walls and roofs, monitor air quality, and examine mining equipment for compliance with safety practices.

    Engineering options 1

    Chemical engineers apply the principles of chemistry to solve problems involving the production or use of chemicals and other products. They design equipment and processes for large-scale chemical manufacturing, plan and test methods of manufacturing products and treating byproducts, and supervise production. Chemical engineers also work in a variety of manufacturing industries other than chemical manufacturing, such as those producing energy, electronics, food, clothing, and paper. In addition, they work in healthcare, biotechnology, and business services. Chemical engineers apply principles of physics, mathematics, and mechanical and electrical engineering, as well as chemistry. Some may specialize in a particular chemical process, such as oxidation or polymerization. Others specialize in a particular field, such as nanomaterials, or in the development of specific products. They must be aware of all aspects of chemical manufacturing and how the manufacturing process affects the environment and the safety of workers and consumers.
    Civil engineers design and supervise the construction of roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and water supply and sewage systems. They must consider many factors in the design process from the construction costs and expected lifetime of a project to government regulations and potential environmental hazards such as earthquakes and hurricanes. Civil engineering, considered one of the oldest engineering disciplines, encompasses many specialties. The major ones are structural, water resources, construction, transportation, and geotechnical engineering. Many civil engineers hold supervisory or administrative positions, from supervisor of a construction site to city engineer. Others may work in design, construction, research, and teaching.
    Computer hardware engineers research, design, develop, test, and oversee the manufacture and installation of computer hardware, including computer chips, circuit boards, computer systems, and related equipment such as keyboards, routers, and printers. (Computer software engineers—often simply called computer engineers—design and develop the software systems that control computers. These workers are covered elsewhere in the Handbook.) The work of computer hardware engineers is similar to that of electronics engineers in that they may design and test circuits and other electronic components; however, computer hardware engineers do that work only as it relates to computers and computer-related equipment. The rapid advances in computer technology are largely a result of the research, development, and design efforts of these engineers.
    Electrical engineers design, develop, test, and supervise the manufacture of electrical equipment. Some of this equipment includes electric motors; machinery controls, lighting, and wiring in buildings; radar and navigation systems; communications systems; and power generation, control, and transmission devices used by electric utilities. Electrical engineers also design the electrical systems of automobiles and aircraft. Although the terms electrical and electronics engineering often are used interchangeably in academia and industry, electrical engineers traditionally have focused on the generation and supply of power, whereas electronics engineers have worked on applications of electricity to control systems or signal processing. Electrical engineers specialize in areas such as power systems engineering or electrical equipment manufacturing.
    Electronics engineers, except computer, are responsible for a wide range of technologies, from portable music players to global positioning systems (GPS), which can continuously provide the location of, for example, a vehicle. Electronics engineers design, develop, test, and supervise the manufacture of electronic equipment such as broadcast and communications systems. Many electronics engineers also work in areas closely related to computers. However, engineers whose work is related exclusively to computer hardware are considered computer hardware engineers. Electronics engineers specialize in areas such as communications, signal processing, and control systems or have a specialty within one of these areas—control systems or aviation electronics, for example.
    Environmental engineers use the principles of biology and chemistry to develop solutions to environmental problems. They are involved in water and air pollution control, recycling, waste disposal, and public health issues. Environmental engineers conduct hazardous-waste management studies in which they evaluate the significance of the hazard, advise on its treatment and containment, and develop regulations to prevent mishaps. They design municipal water supply and industrial wastewater treatment systems, conduct research on the environmental impact of proposed construction projects, analyze scientific data, and perform quality-control checks. Environmental engineers are concerned with local and worldwide environmental issues. Some may study and attempt to minimize the effects of acid rain, global warming, automobile emissions, and ozone depletion. They also may be involved in the protection of wildlife. Many environmental engineers work as consultants, helping their clients to comply with regulations, prevent environmental damage, and clean up hazardous sites.